Charger for NiCd Batteries

NiCd battery charger

This device is used to simultaneously charge for Ni-Cd batteries. The output step-down transformer AC 12V is fed to the rectifying diode bridge, assembled on a 4-diode 1N4007. Smooth capacitor C3 constant voltage supplied to the chip 7808 , the output of which will be regulated voltage 8 V. The transistor T1 ( BC547 ), incorporated on the emitter follower circuit is used as a voltage regulator, which determines the charge current.

The magnitude of this current can be adjusted by potentiometer VR2, or use a switch with three trimmer, each of which is exposed to the desired charge current (90 mA, 180 mA and 300 mA). (The figure lower conclusions potentiometer must be connected). If you want to have the batteries recharged very quickly, select the charge current of 300 mA, the charging time is about 30 minutes. Light-emitting diodes LED1 … LED4 are indicators of the charge, they shine only when a battery charging current flows. On transistors T2 … T5 made ​​permanent sources of charging current. The integrated regulator IC1, install the heat sink.

Parts list :
R1, R2 : 100 Ohm
R3, R5, R7, R9 : 12 Ohm / 1 W
R4, R6, R8, R10 : 220 ohms
R11 : 470 Ohm
Chips
IC1 : 7808
Transistors
T1 : BC547
T2, T3, T4, T5 : BD160
Transformer
The output voltage of 12 V, current 1 A
Potentiometers
VR1, VR2 : 10K
Diodes
D1, D2, D3, D4 : 1N4148
D5, D6, D7, D8 : 1N4007
Capacitors
C1, C2 : 0.1 uF
C3 : In 1000 mkF/16
Miscellaneous
Fuse : 50 mA
Housing
Power switch
A switch on the three positions
PCB
Power Cord
Power supply is an electronic device that supplies electric energy to an electrical load. The primary function of a power supply is to convert one form of electrical energy to another and, as a result, power supplies are sometimes referred to as electric power converters. Some power supplies are discrete, stand-alone devices, whereas others are built into larger devices along with their loads. Examples of the latter include power supplies found in desktop computers and consumer electronics devices.


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